JF-17 Thunder: A Customized Multirole fighter

International Defence Exhibition and Seminar (IDEAS) 2012 has recently ended at Expo Centre, Karachi. This 7th edition of the exhibition is held after a delay of four years. Many new investors have made their way to this exhibition. Weapons, ammunition, C4ISR systems, engineering, logistics and naval equipment are categorized in nine different categories.

IDEAS give an ideal platform to manufactures of weapon systems, ammunition, logistics to present their systems to their potential customers and Pakistani defence organizations at large. This five-day event has showcased military related equipment from 209 firms; including 135 foreign and 74 Pakistani firms. Delegations from over 80 countries around the world have participated in this exhibition.

Pakistan Aeronautical Complex (PAC) and Chengdu Aircraft Industries Corporation (CAC) joint venture JF-17 Thunder is also displayed at IDEAS 2012 along with Super-Mushshak primary trainer and K-8 Advance Jet Trainer.
JF-17 Thunder is displayed with an array of air-to-ground weapons, successfully integrated and in operational service with PAF. Brazilian origin MAR-1 Anti-Radiation Missile, Chinese PL-5E Short Range Air-to-Air Missile (SRAAM), Hafr Runway Penetration Bomb (RPB) (Pakistani variant of MBDA Durandal) and U.S.-Origin Mk-82/84 General purpose bombs are also displayed in IDEAS 2012.

MAR-1 missile was integrated with JF-17 in the first half of 2011 and it was made operational in 2012. PL-5E II Air-to-Air missile, MK-82/84 bombs and Hafr RPB were also successfully integrated in 2010. Numerous bombing practice missions have also been conducted in past couple of years.

Unlike previous public appearances of JF-17 on air shows and defence exhibitions; this time no SD-10 Medium Range BVR missile, C-802 Anti-Shipping missile, WMD-7 Electro-Optic/IR targeting pod, KG-300 Electronic Warfare pod or LS-6 glide guided are displayed. One of the reasons is that Zhuahi Air Show 2012; which will be held from 13 to 18 November 2012 in China will be featuring the Chinese-origin air, land and sea attack weapons for JF-17 Thunder.

Over the years JF-17 has matured enough to form the backbone of PAF. Integration of various classes of weapons systems from different origins has increased its potential to multi-folds. The low-operating cost and smaller price tag gives JF-17 a significant edge of other fighters of its class; which deliver similar performance at a hefty price tag.

It is pertinent to mention here that JF-17 is a customized Multi-Role fighter for PAF. The weapons displayed and integrated with it so far are subjected to PAF’s Air Staff Requirements (ASR). There are many Western and Chinese origin weapons which are in process of integration or queued up for integration (if required by any customer). FC-1; the export version of JF-17 will incorporate Chinese origin avionics, Electronic Warfare suite and GPS/navigation technology. Modifications to meet any western origin aircraft design can be made; including integration of US origin AIM-9L Sidewinder missile, British origin Martin Baker Zero-Zero ejection seats and western origin GPS/navigation technology as well. Some of these aforementioned western origin changes are already done in PAF JF-17s.

As mentioned before, an array of weapons are queued up for integration with JF-17.
These weapons include Chinese origin CM-802 Stand-Off Weapon (SOW); land attack derivate of the C-802 (YJ-82) anti-ship missile with a range of 230km, Chinese origin CM-400 SOW; a super-sonic SOW with lethal penetration and fire-and-forget capability, South African Origin H-2 SOW (already in service with PAF Mirages since mid1990s) and Pakistani Hatf-VIII Ra’ad Air Launched Cruise Missile (ALCM) capable of carrying both conventional and non-conventional warheads and possibly Chinese origin TL-500 SOW; newly showcased 500 kg SOW at Zhuhai Air Show 2012. Various classes of 250kg and 500kg glide guided bombs are also available for integration with JF-17. These include LT-3 (500kg glide bomb with foldable wings), LS-6 (500kg/250kg/100kg/50kg glide bomb) etc. Satellite/inertial guidance kits are also available for addition with 250kg/500kg general purpose bombs making them lethal precision guided bombs (similar to US JDAM) for a target of up to 60kms. FT-1/FT-2 guidance kits can be embarked upon 500kg/1,000lb bombs whereas FT-3/FT-4 satellite/inertial guidance kits can be employed on 250kg/500lb class general purpose bombs. These guidance tail kits are available in strap on folding wing kits and planar wing kits. Low drag bomb casing and steel penetrator warhead (for deep penetration in concrete structures like Hardened Air Shelters (HAS)) can also be employed.

A part from the aforementioned avionics and weapon load customization options available with JF-17 Thunder, there is one significant portion left un-discussed i.e.range and endurance of the aircraft. The first batch of 50 JF-17s for PAF has a combat radius of 1300km, which will be enhanced by introduction of Air-to-Air refuelling probe in the second batch. The take-off distance of 2,000ft (610m) and landing distance of 2,700ft (823m) makes JF-17 favourable aircraft for shorter-runway or road-landing operations.
China National Aero-Technology Import & Export Corporation (CATIC) and Pakistan Aeronautical Complex (PAC) are marketing JF-17 as “cutting edge technology at an affordable cost” to small budget air forces operating Mig-21/J-7/Mig-29 and Mirage-III/V aircraft. No doubt that JF-17 delivers a hard hitting and complete solution with smaller operating cost and greater flexibility.


JF-17 Thunders lined up after arrival in China to participate in Zhuhai air show 2012.[Photo: www.chinanews.com]


JF-17 Thunder Serial no 09-111; the first JF-17 locally assembled in Pakistan, taking off from Peshawar Air Base. Over 40 of such aircraft are operational in service with PAF. PAF JF-17s are powered with RD-93 engine, capable of producing 79-98kN of thrust. WS-13; another potent engine undergoing flight trails at Chengdu flight center, China. WS-13 will be available for export version FC-1 aircraft in near future.

500 kg LT-3 precision guided bomb

500 kg LT-3 precision guided bomb with an effective range of up to 24km. It employs modular laser sensor kit similar to US origin GBU-54/55/56 Laser JDAM (LJDAM) weapons. [Photo: Air Power Australia, www.ausairpower.net]


Brochure of Chinese origin CM-400 SOW; a super-sonic SOW with lethal penetration and fire-and-forget capability displayed at Zhuhai air show 2012. The weapon is cited as one of the potential SOW for FC-1/JF-17 Thunder aircraft. [Photo: China.com, www.china.com]


Brochure of Chinese origin Chinese origin CM-802 Stand-Off Weapon (SOW); land attack derivate of the C-802 (YJ-82) anti-ship missile with a range of 230km displayed at Zhuhai air show 2012. According to Janes[i] PAF has shown interest in procuring this weapon for JF-17 Thunder. [Photo: China.com, www.china.com]


SD-10A Medium Range Air to Air Missiles on multi-ejector racks and LS-6, 500kg glide bomb. LS-6 has a Circular Error Probable (CEP) of less than 15m. [Photo: Chinese Internet]

This article was published in The Frontier Post on November 13, 2012.



Air Marshal (Retd.) Nur Khan (22nd Feb, 1923 – 15th Dec 2011)

Today Pakistan Air Force (PAF) lost a great visionary leader, a superb commander, devoted soldier and a brilliant mind. Air Marshal Malik Nur Khan was born on 22nd Feb, 1923. He joined Royal Indian Air Force (RIAF) in Jan, 1941. During a career that spanned over 28 years, he commanded PAF Bases Risalpur, Chaklala, Peshawar and Mauripur. He also served as Assistance Chief of Air Staff Operations (ACAS Ops).
During his tenure as Managing Director of PIA(1959-1965), he made PIA as Asia’s best airline. Long distance flights and induction of first jet engine airliner, Boeing-707 were also achieved in his time.At the prime of his career as 6th Chief of PAF (23 Jul 1965- 31 Aug 1969) Nur Khan was given the best opportunity to lead PAF in its most crucial times. During 1965 war, he personally visited PAF bases and airfields which were participating in the combat in an F-86 Sabre fighter/bomber aircraft flown by him. Making vital decisions with the Squadron commanders on the field was his biggest quality. It was his visionary leadership that made PAF able to counter all threats from three times bigger enemy.
After the 1965 war, US cut the spares and training to India and Pakistan. This decision was not much hurtful to India, which relied more on Russian arms. For Pakistan, this meant an end to most of its fleet including F-104 and F-86E/F Sabre fighter/bomber aircraft, B-57/RB-57 Bombers, T-37 and Harvad Trainer aircraft and C-130 transport aircraft. Nur Khan and his predecessor Asghar Khan began a new chapter in history of PAF by going to China for the solution. As a result of which, first batch of six F-6 fighter/bomber aircraft were inducted in PAF in December 1965. F-6 remained a mainstay aircraft in PAF for a long time.
It was also Nur Khan who decided to bring a non-US delta winged Mirage fighter/bomber aircraft in PAF. The first batch of six Mirages was delivered to PAF in 1967. Mirage is still a regular member of PAF fleet even after more than 44 years of service. Nur Khan was appointed as MD PIA for the second time in 1973. He also served as Governor of West Pakistan, President of Pakistan Hockey Federation, Pakistan Cricket Board and member of National Assembly from 1985-1988.
Even after his retirement from PAF, Nur Khan was invited to many PAF gatherings and events. He always shared words of wisdom during his lectures and discussions with young officers.
Nur Khan’s legacy will not end with his death. Whole Pakistani nation and especially PAF will always remember this great soldier that played a vital role in making PAF a formidable fighting force.
May Allah bless his soul. Amen!

AM Nur Khan sitting in F-104 Starfighter aircraft. He did a fighter conversion to this aircraft after becoming air chief of PAF.

Smiling AM Nur Khan watches Sqn Ldr M.M Alam as Field Marshal congratulate him for shooting down five Indian Air Force Hunters in one flight. (Photo was taken at Sargodha during 1965 war.)

AM Nr Khan and Wng Cdr Merven L Middlecoat (Officer Commanding No.9 Sqn) moments before a flight in F-104 aircraft.

AM Nur Khan inspecting a Mirage-IIIEP aircraft.

AM Nur Khan and AVM Zahid Anis, Air Officer Commanding Southern Air Command at PAF Base Faisal – September 1996.

AM Nur Khan (3rd from Left) along with other Ex-CAS PAF on the occasion of 50th Jubilee Celebrations of No.14 Sqn – November 1998.